In vitro fertilization treatment has been successfully applied for many years in couples who cannot have children with natural methods. IVF treatment, which is an assisted reproductive technique; It provides the opportunity to have children for couples who cannot have children due to metabolic disorders such as infertility of unknown cause, advanced age, infection and tube obstructions in women, low sperm count and low quality in men, obesity. In vitro fertilization, which is the most preferred infertility treatment today, is an artificial insemination technique applied by bringing together female and male reproductive cells under laboratory conditions and placing the fertilized egg in the mother's womb. This process is performed by collecting the egg, which is a female reproductive cell, and the sperm, which are male reproductive cells, under certain conditions. After fertilization is completed in a healthy way, the egg is expected to begin the division process and turn into a structure called embryo, and after the embryo is placed in the mother's uterus and successfully attached, the pregnancy process begins. After this stage, pregnancy does not differ from pregnancies that have occurred by natural methods.
In IVF treatment, two different methods are used for placing the eggs fertilized in the laboratory environment into the uterus. In the first of these, classical IVF treatment, egg cells and sperm cells are left side by side in a certain environment and it is expected to fertilize on their own. In another method, microinjection, sperm cells are injected directly into the egg cell using special pipettes. Which of these two techniques should be preferred is decided by specialist physicians according to the individual characteristics of the couple. In the treatment process, the aim is to provide the most suitable environment for fertilization and a healthy pregnancy.
What is an IVF?
In IVF treatment, the egg cell taken from the mother and the sperm cells of the father are brought together outside the female reproductive system in a laboratory environment and an embryo is obtained by fertilizing the egg from one sperm. As a result of placing the embryo obtained in this way into the mother's womb, it becomes possible to create pregnancy in people who could not conceive with normal methods.
When should couples who cannot have children turn to IVF treatment?
If a woman under the age of 35 and who does not have any disease that may prevent her from becoming pregnant cannot conceive despite having unprotected and regular sexual intercourse for 1 year, she should definitely be examined and should apply for treatment if deemed necessary. For women over the age of 35 or who have had any problems affecting pregnancy before, it is sufficient to do a trial for 6 months. If pregnancy does not occur at the end of this period, the necessary treatment procedure should be started as soon as possible in order not to get older and waste time.
How many times can IVF be tried?
In general, it is recommended to test IVF 3 times. There is a possibility of pregnancy formation in the trials after this number, but the chance is very low.
Until what age can IVF be applied?
IVF treatment can be applied to women up to the age of 45. However, it should be noted that the chances of getting pregnant in women over 40 are significantly reduced. For this reason, the success rate of IVF treatment in older women is lower than in younger women, and the number of trials may need to be increased.
What are the chances of success in IVF procedure?
Factors such as the age of the expectant mother and the quality of the embryo are of great importance in the success of IVF. Therefore, the chance of success also varies according to these factors. While the success rate of IVF in women under 30 is around 55-60%, this rate decreases to 15-20% for women over 40.